An argument against the opt out policy in organ donation as stated in some must die

Inthe Government of Tamil Nadu put together government orders laying down procedures and guidelines for deceased organ donation and transplantation in the state. With an organ donation rate of 1.

An argument against the opt out policy in organ donation as stated in some must die

Messenger Legend has is that the first human transplant took place in the 3rd century AD.

Presumed Consent Not Answer to Solving Organ Shortage in U.S., Researchers Say - 11/29/

Sadly, however, the supply of organs has not kept up with demand. In the UK, for example, around people die each year whilst waiting for an organ to become available and in the USA it has been estimated that 20 people die each and every day because there is an inadequate supply of organs.

This dire situation has lead policy makers and health care professionals to advocate a range of strategies to try and increase the number of potential donors. According to this kind of scheme people are only placed on an organ donation register if they take active steps to have their name added to the list.

Recent Opinions

According to this kind of scheme every competent adult is placed on an organ donation register and anyone who does not want their organs to be donated after death must take active steps to have their name removed from the list. This kind of policy tries to force every adult citizen to declare their views about organ donation.

This is often achieved by requiring newly qualified drivers to declare their preferences as a condition of being given their driving licence. Iran has taken a much more controversial step by allowing Iranian citizens to buy and sell organs on a partially regulated market, while Israel allows doctors to give priority to patients requiring organs who had previously declared their willingness to donate organs.

BBC Religion & Ethics - Q&A: The ethics of an opt-out organ donation system

However, the Welsh Assembly recently passed a new bill which means that Wales will switch to an opt-out system in This news has been greeted with much fanfare.

However, there is no doubt that many health care professionals throughout the UK regard this move as highly progressive and it is quite possible that Hywel Dda - a famous medieval ruler of Wales who codified a large tract of traditional Welsh law - would have been proud of this new Welsh initiative.

If adopting such a scheme increased the number of donations we would have at least one good ethical reason to answer that question in the affirmative. Unfortunately, the evidence is equivocal.

Hywel Dda says give up your kidneys. This is probably true.

Christianity is a religion which accepts and sees organ donation as an act of love. Atheists and Agnostics, of course, have no fundamental issue with the donation of organs. If a large majority of the population are in favour of organ donation, then why not introduce an opt-out policy, a policy which would favour the bulk of the population. On the other hand, there is growing evidence to suggest that switching from an “opt in” to an “opt out” policy does increase organ donation rates. Hywel Dda says give up your kidneys. Some organ donation advocates have pushed for a switch to an opt-out system, arguing it would be a positive step toward addressing the nation’s profound organ shortage. They say most people support donation but never formally record their wishes and that an opt-out system — known commonly as presumed consent — might ease the burden of.

However, it is not at all clear that this is either fair or reasonable. Moreover, if people who oppose donation have much stronger beliefs about organ removal than people who support donation it is reasonable to argue that they are more likely to make their wishes known.

Hywel Dda might not have been too unhappy with this arrangement for he was famed and vilified for having a very cosy relationship with his contemporary, Athelstan, the King of England.

However, modern day Welsh people may be a little piqued by such an outcome.The researchers then probed the beliefs of participants who live in countries with opt-in or opt-out policies.

In Germany, an opt-in country, participants consider organ donation an ethically meaningful and costly action. But in Austria, an opt-out country, participants consider organ donation an ethically trivial and inconsequential action.

NHS England’s new “opt-out” system for organ donation, planned for roll-out by , is “unlikely” to increase the number of donations, according to researchers. Christianity is a religion which accepts and sees organ donation as an act of love.

An argument against the opt out policy in organ donation as stated in some must die

Atheists and Agnostics, of course, have no fundamental issue with the donation of organs. If a large majority of the population are in favour of organ donation, then why not introduce an opt-out policy, a policy which would favour the bulk of the population.

Accessibility links

On the other hand, there is growing evidence to suggest that switching from an “opt in” to an “opt out” policy does increase organ donation rates. Hywel Dda . Some organ donation advocates have pushed for a switch to an opt-out system, arguing it would be a positive step toward addressing the nation’s profound organ shortage.

They say most people support donation but never formally record their wishes and that an opt-out system — known commonly as presumed consent — might ease the burden of decision-making on grieving families at the time of death.

Arguments for automatic organ donation: More than 6, people in the UK need a transplant, but a shortage of donors means that around 3, transplants are carried out annually.

Presumed consent for organ donation: a case against