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Transcription 1 Security, Geopolitics, or Irredentism? But, what drives Russian foreign policy? Why did Russia fight war against Georgia? Which motives are at the bottom of the Russian annexation of the Crimea ?
And what about Moscow's Eurasian project?
Is it all about purely security concerns and security policy by means of balance of power- Waltz bor balance of threat- Walt, or regional hegemony-strategies Mearsheimeragainst potential challengers and competitors in the region, as neo-realists and structural realists argue?
Is it a new geopolitics and seeking for a new sphere of influence? This remains puzzling to analysts, and what we need are models of explanation. This paper, in general, aims to contribute to the current debate on Russian foreign policy in the discipline of International Relations IR.
The starting point is the prevailing approach in contemporary foreign policy theorizing and analysis FPA in the U. And both remedy this omission by inserting an interstate level of analysis between the systemic and the intrastate levels.
In other words, enhanced NCR enables us to link the international system in which a state holds a certain position because of its power capabilities and its constraints on state behaviourthe interstate relations geopolitics of the regional power in the shared neighbourhood in order to establish a sphere of influence and instrastate factors including policy-makers' interests and mis perceptions, domestic state institutions and politics, and factors such as ideas and identity all guiding the foreign policy of a state in particular historical constellations together.
In a second step towards enhancing the NCR framework, the paper asks for further factors on the intrastate level guiding the foreign policy of a state. Therefore, it is providing the scene, and it is arguing the rationale of my research by rather presenting theoretical arguments than detailed empirical case studies, and should be read as the introduction and first step to my work on Russian foreign policy in the Putin era.
A briefly state of the art Beside the inspiring book Explaining Foreign Policy: But, there are only a few realist contributions to the Russian intervention in the Crimea so far.
Nearly all scholars are presenting rather neo-realist and structural realist interpretations focusing on the consequences of the Russian-Ukrainian war for Europe, the relations between Russia and the U.
And most articles are rather comments than analysis: Either some realists make the point that they had always known what will happen since the Ukraine has given up its nuclear options in the s, that expectable war is also the West's fault, and that we all may have had known what will happen Mearsheimer, ; Walt Or, quite the contrary, some scholars make the point that realists are totally wrong in their misreading of the Ukraine war Motyl a, b.
Some articles rather make the point that realism and its different approaches classical realism, structural realism, neo-realism, neoclassical realism are well prepared to deal with Russian foreign policy as such Wieclawski Other articles such as Realism in Russian Foreign Policy: And yet other articles try to explain the Russian-Ukraine War with the help of Waltz' neorealist balance of power- Rynning or Walt's structural realist balance of threat-theory Bock ; see also Schweller band argue in favour of these theoretical approaches for theoretical and political reason.3 John J.
Mearsheimer An Offensive Realist Between Geopolitics & Power Peter Toft Abstract The aim of this paper is to discuss the work of John J.
Mearsheimer and to assess his contribution to the development of the discipline of international relations in general and to realism in particular. Mearsheimer s main contribution is his theory of .
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This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers. The critique will be examining the relationship between the European Union and America. It will question whether. John J. Mearsheimer: an offensive realist between geopolitics and power Mearsheimer makes important additions to structural alliance theory and offers new important insights into the role of power and geography in world politics.
Thus, regardless of the differences between them, Morgenthau s classical realism, Waltz s defensive neo-realism, Mearsheimer's offensive structural realism, or Walt s balance-of-threat theory all share a common foundation. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.
Mearsheimer argues that military power is most important when analysing world politics because it is ‘the ultimo ratio of. Rather. does not look to the domestic level and brings structural realism back to .