Indeed, the French political anthropologist Georges Balandier considered Montesquieu to be "the initiator of a scientific enterprise that for a time performed the role of cultural and social anthropology". Montesquieu saw two types of governmental power existing:
Educated first at home and then in the village, he was sent away to school in It was much patronized by the prominent families of Bordeauxand the priests of the Oratory, to whom it belonged, provided a sound education on enlightened and modern lines.
Charles-Louis left Juilly incontinued his studies at the faculty of law at the University of Bordeauxgraduated, and became an advocate in ; soon after he appears to have moved to Paris in order to obtain practical experience in law.
He was called back to Bordeaux by the death of his father in Two years later he married Jeanne de Lartigue, a wealthy Protestant, who brought him a respectable dowry oflivres and in due course presented him with two daughters and a son, Jean-Baptiste.
But he does not appear to have been either faithful or greatly devoted to her. In his uncle, Jean-Baptiste, baron de Montesquieu, died and left to his nephew his estates, with the barony of Montesquieu, near Agenand the office of deputy president in the Parlement of Bordeaux.
His position was one of some dignity. It carried a stipend but was no sinecure. The young Montesquieu, at 27, was now socially and financially secure.
He settled down to exercise his judicial function engaging to this end in the minute study of Roman lawto administer his property, and to advance his knowledge of the sciences—especially of geologybiologyand physics —which he studied in the newly formed academy of Bordeaux.
In he surprised all but a few close friends by publishing his Lettres persanes Persian Letters, in which he gave a brilliant satirical portrait of French and particularly Parisian civilization, supposedly seen through the eyes of two Persian travellers.
This exceedingly successful work mocks the reign of Louis XIVwhich had only recently ended; pokes fun at all social classes; discusses, in its allegorical story of the Troglodytes, the theories of Thomas Hobbes relating to the state of nature.
It also makes an original, if naive, contribution to the new science of demography ; continually compares Islam and Christianity ; reflects the controversy about the papal bull Unigenitus, which was directed against the dissident Catholic group known as the Jansenists ; satirizes Roman Catholic doctrine; and is infused throughout with a new spirit of vigorous, disrespectful, and iconoclastic criticism.
The new ideas fermenting in Paris had received their most-scintillating expression.
Montesquieu now sought to reinforce his literary achievement with social success. Going to Paris inhe was assisted in entering court circles by the duke of Berwickthe exiled Stuart prince whom he had known when Berwick was military governor at Bordeaux.
In Paris his interest in the routine activities of the Parlement in Bordeaux, however, had dwindled. He resented seeing that his intellectual inferiors were more successful than he in court.
A vacancy there arose in October This official recognition of his talent might have caused him to remain in Paris to enjoy it. On the contrary, though older than most noblemen starting on the grand tour, he resolved to complete his education by foreign travel.
He wrote an account of his travels as interesting as any other of the 18th century. In Vienna he met the soldier and statesman Prince Eugene of Savoy and discussed French politics with him. He made a surprising detour into Hungary to examine the mines.
He entered Italy, and, after tasting the pleasures of Veniceproceeded to visit most of the other cities. Conscientiously examining the galleries of Florencenotebook in hand, he developed his aesthetic sense. From Italy he moved through Germany to Holland and thence at the end of Octoberin the company of the statesman and wit Lord Chesterfieldto Englandwhere he remained until the spring of Montesquieu had a wide circle of acquaintances in England.
He was presented at court, and he was received by the prince of Walesat whose request he later made an anthology of French songs. He became a close friend of the dukes of Richmond and Montagu. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.
He attended parliamentary debates and read the political journals of the day. He became a Freemason. He bought extensively for his library.
His stay in England was one of the most formative periods of his life. Major works During his travels Montesquieu did not avoid the social pleasures that he had sought in Paris, but his serious ambitions were strengthened.
He thought for a time of a diplomatic career but on his return to France decided to devote himself to literature. He had thought of publishing the two together, thus following an English tradition, for, as Voltaire said, the English delighted in comparing themselves with the Romans.Essay Charles-Louis de Secondat et de Montesquieu and John Stuart Mill - Charles-Louis de Secondat et de Montesquieu was a French social commentator and a .
Charles-Louis Montesquieu Essay Born in to a noble family, French political philosopher Charles-Louis Secondat (–), Baron de la Brede and de Montesquieu, was educated mainly in the law.
Baron de Montesquieu Essays: Over , Baron de Montesquieu Essays, Baron de Montesquieu Term Papers, Baron de Montesquieu Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, was born on January 19th, at La Brède, near Bordeaux, to a noble and prosperous family. He was educated at the Oratorian Collège de Juilly, received a law degree from the University of Bordeaux in , and went to Paris to continue his legal studies. John Locke- 1. John Locke was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history.
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Charles de Secondat, Baron De La Brede Et De Montesquieu Essay - Charles de Secondat, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu was born in to a French noble family. "His family tree could be traced years, which in his view made its name neither good nor bad." (The Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, p.
Montesquieu (Full name Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu) French philosopher, historian, essayist, and fiction writer. Baron de Montesquieu Essays: Over , Baron de Montesquieu Essays, Baron de Montesquieu Term Papers, Baron de Montesquieu Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.