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Origins[ edit ] According to legend, the Yijin Jing was said to be left behind by Bodhidharma after his departure from the Shaolin Monasteryand discovered within his grave or hidden in the walls of the temple years after he had left or died. It was accompanied by another text, the Xisui Jing, which was passed to a student of Bodhidharma 's, but has not survived to the modern day.
The monks of Shaolin supposedly practiced the exercises within the text but lost the true purpose of the document; Lin Boyuan recounts the legend that they "selfishly coveted it, practicing the skills therein, falling into heterodox ways, and losing the correct purpose of cultivating the Way.
The Shaolin monks have made some fame for themselves through their fighting skill; this is all due to having obtained this manuscript.
According to one legend, a monk decided that the text must contain more valuable knowledge than simply self-defense, and went on a pilgrimage with a copy of the text to find someone who could translate the deeper meaning of the text.
He eventually met an Indian priest named Pramati in the province of Szechwan who, examining the text, explained that the meaning of the text was extraordinarily deep and beyond his ability to translate fully. The monk found that within a year of practicing the techniques as Pramati had translated, that his constitution had become "as hard as steel," and he felt that he could be a Buddha.
Modern Scholarly Research[ edit ] The legendary account springs from two prefaces which accompany the Yijin Jing. One of these prefaces purports to be written by the general Li Jing in during the Tang Dynastywhile the other purports to be written by the general Niu Gaoan officer of the Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
However, there are several inaccuracies and inconsistencies in these forewords that cast doubt on the authenticity of Bodhidharma 's authorship of the Yijin Jing. He also claims to be illiterate. Dictation could resolve the question of how an illiterate could write a foreword, but it is almost certain that a general of Niu Gao's stature was not illiterate.
Thus during the 18th century, the scholar Ling Tingkan concluded in a sarcastic fashion that the author of the Yijin Jing must have been an "ignorant" and a "master" all at the same time i.
The text of the Yijin Jing was probably composed by the Taoist priest Zining writing in In the course of his research, Matsuda found no mention of—let alone attribution to—Bodhidharma in any of the numerous texts written about the Shaolin martial arts  before the 19th century.
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July Learn how and when to remove this template message Picture on the wall at Shaolin Monastery The number of exercises tends to change; some contend that 18 should be the correct one if based on the 18 Arhatsbut can vary from 10 to 24, to Today the most respected routine is that of Wang Zuyuan, composed of 12 exercises, and has been adopted by the Academies of Chinese Medicine in China.
Chang Renxia together with Chang Weizhen proposed an alternative set of 14 exercises, which can be of interest for the therapeutic effects he promises. Deng Mingdao presents a version with 24 exercises, but with another name, Xisui Jing.
In fact, another point of contention is the relationship between the Xisui Jing and the Yijin Jing. Some authors tend to use those two names for the same routine; others keep things separated and invoke different results and different effects on the body.
Then, there are other authors that have written different books and created different theories, sometimes not simply in search for the truth. It is somewhat different from the original "Picture of stationary exercise" and the "Guide to the art of attack" as Guangdong sources demonstrate.
However Wang's 12 Postures is found through practice to be a concise aid in enhancing one's physical health. As the name implies, "sinew transforming exercise" is the method to train the tendons and muscles. The exercise is designed according to the course and characteristics of Qi circulation in the 12 regular channels and the Du and Ren channels.The Detroit Metro Times reported that state Rep.
Bettie Cook Scott used racial slurs, including “ching-chang” and “ching-chong,” when referring to her opponent, The story must be told.
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