CEC Other political groups Israeli politics are subject to unique circumstances and often defy simple classification in terms of the political spectrum. Groups are sometimes associated with the political left or right, especially in international circles, according to their stance on issues important to the Arab—Israeli conflict. Political right On the political right:
Budget Battles AP The legislative year was marked in most states by fiscal partisanship, unpredictable revenues and continued pressure to lower taxes. The new year is unlikely to be any different. More than a dozen states were too deeply split to meet their formal budget deadlines inand many of those will miss them again.
More than a third of the states are now splitting power between the parties.
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By early December, two of those split states, Illinois and Pennsylvania, had Issues about politics and government deep into the fiscal year without a budget being enacted.
In some states, the drop in oil and natural gas prices will continue to put pressure on budgets, as in Alaska and Oklahoma, which are dependent on energy revenues.
Both are likely to face spending cuts, higher taxes or both. But a more enduring problem for many states is systemic financial imbalance. In these states, legislatures have tended to paper over prior budget shortfalls with one-time fixes; now, as revenue shortages persist, lawmakers are left with a list of increasingly unappealing choices.
If was any indication, legislatures will wait until the last minute before settling on the best of their bad options. Kansas has had trouble balancing its budget ever since lawmakers enacted massive income tax cuts in and without any plan to make up for the lost dollars.
Louisiana also is taking a hit from slowing income tax revenues, largely a result of tax cuts and tax credits approved during a business and development boom in the middle of the last decade.
In Kentucky and New Jersey, which have a long history of underfunding their public employee retirement systems, the debate over raising taxes to fund pension liabilities will continue.
In many other states, demands to reduce income taxes will compete against pressure to keep revenues stable. Expanding state sales taxes to additional areas of economic activity would help solve the political and fiscal logjam in many places, but so far states have succeeded only in modestly increasing sales taxes that already exist.
That is unlikely to change anytime soon in most states. While presidential candidates talk about proposals to close the gap between the wealthiest Americans and everyone else, some states have already taken action.
In the past two years, 13 states and the District of Columbia have enacted minimum-wage increases. States are also taking up equal pay legislation, which seeks to eliminate the gender gap in compensation. Many of the bills strengthen laws that already require equal pay for equivalent work.
California and New York have adopted some of the strongest equal pay provisions, while Connecticut, New Hampshire and Oregon have addressed laws against salary secrecy. Paid family leave laws are getting more attention in legislatures as studies have shown such laws to be financially beneficial for lower-income families, particularly minority women.
Only 12 percent of U. Department of Labor have been spurring more governments to research ways to create and fund a family leave program. One of those governments, Rhode Island, became the third state to establish a paid leave program in Most of the family leave proposals under current discussion expand state disability leave, and are funded by raising a small tax on worker paychecks.
Some add an employer tax. The District of Columbia is expected to take action on a paid leave bill early this year. Significantly, it would be the first to establish a separate family leave fund and would likely be a model for several other states currently studying the issue.
They responded by passing legislation that preempts localities from regulating drilling-related activities. The legislature has also taken up dozens of other preemption bills, covering everything from plastic bag ordinances to gun restrictions.
Modern preemption laws date back to the s, when states started prohibiting jurisdictions from enacting anti-smoking laws. In general, states enjoy broad authority over localities. But instances of preemption have proliferated in recent years, escalating tensions between state legislatures and localities on a number of key issues.
Many stem from lobbying efforts by industry groups and trade associations. Threatened by public broadband ownership at the municipal level, Internet service providers have backed bills preempting the publicly owned networks from expanding.Latest politics news, comment, and reaction from across Scotland and beyond, including Scottish Parliament, Brexit and indyref2 - from The Scotsman, updated daily.
Government—the institution that claims a legitimate monopoly on the use of force in a given region—seems to involve itself in almost every aspect of modern life.
Sep 13, · News about United States politics and government. Commentary and archival information about U.S. politics and government from The New York Times.
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