Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis By:
Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis 6 June Crime For many years, people have believed that the Juvenile justice system was meant to serve as a way to protect the community.
Juveniles who commit crimes are different from adults because many do not understand the complexity of the crime committed. In order to respond to these differences, many states have established a way to treat these adolescents through Juvenile courts and youth-based recovery systems.
We will write a custom essay sample on Juvenile and Adult Courts: In the beginning the system was informal and often times it was nothing more than a conversation between the juvenile and a judge Cuvenile Law Center, Over the years the system has changed significantly where Juvenile courts have created a probation system which provided a different method to provide Juveniles with guidance, supervision, and education.
By the s ll but two states had followed the suit but it was not until the 1 s where the juvenile Justice system was given several of the same legal rights as the adult court. There are many differences between the Juvenile and adult criminal systems but they also share their similarities.
While their differences vary depending on the state, the similarities can be said to be our natural born rights. One of the main similarities Is the right to an attorney LaMance, The defendant has the choice of either choosing a public defender to represent them or to hire a paid attorney.
Both courts ot only give their defendants the right to cross-examine witnesses but also the privilege against self-incrimination. The prosecution must also provide proof beyond a reasonable doubt before either of the two can be charged and convicted LaMance, One of the main differences is the overall goal for both courts.
While the goal for the adult court is to punish and convict, the juvenile Justice system prefers the method of rehabilitation nd reformation, thus giving the Juvenile a chance to become a productive citizen LaMance, If considered a delinquent, the court then decides which steps should be taken where the best Interest for the Juvenile Is taken Into consideration.
The Juvenile court is still more informal than that of the adult court LaMance, Lastly Juveniles are usually not prosecuted for the delinquent acts that he or she has committed. However depending on the severity of the crime and state laws, Juveniles can be transferred and tried in the adult system LaMance, The adjudication process in which Juveniles are transferred to the adult system varies by state.
Juvenile in Court, Although all states allow Juveniles to be tried as adults in criminal court there are a few circumstances that follow. All states except for Nebraska, New Mexico, and New York provide a Judicial waiver where the Juvenile court Judge has the authority to waive Juvenile court Jurisdiction and transfer cases to the adult court.
Other states have a concurrent Jurisdiction where the original jurisdiction for certain cases is shared by both Juvenile and adult courts. The discretion under the concurrent Jurisdiction is left to the prosecutor.
Statutory exclusion is the legislative method, which mandates Juvenile prosecution in adult court. Youths charged with certain crimes can be placed in the adult system automatically, thus removing any kind of decision making process from Judges or prosecutors OJJDP National Report Series: In recent years states have significantly expanded legislation for allowing the use of Judicial waivers.
This trend has increased the number of Juveniles incarcerated throughout the United States and has expectations to rise.
Having a Juvenile treated as an adult gives them the possibility of life or death sentences and incarceration in state of federal prisons which can have a tremendous impact on the life and future of a Juvenile Find Law, Although it may be served as a deterrent to some, sending Juveniles directly to the adult criminal court gives the Juvenile the impression that there is no room for rehabilitation or second chances, thus paving the way for a life of crime for others.
Since the late s, critics of the Juvenile Justice courts have pursued to abolish this ystem with the assumption that this system has failed its purpose, to rehabilitate juveniles LaMance, Abolishing Juvenile courts holds ramifications for not only juveniles but also the community.
Eliminating these courts would mean that all juveniles, no matter the age or crime, would be treated as an adult.A Comparative Analysis: Juvenile and Adult Courts For many years, people have believed that the juvenile justice system was meant to serve as a way to protect the community.
Juveniles who commit crimes are different from adults because many do not understand the complexity of the crime committed. Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis CJA/ October 28, Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis For many years, people have believed that the juvenile justice system was meant to serve as a way to protect the community.
Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis Zanetta Eave, Tasha Harris, and Lee Blackmon CJA/ July 29, Cory Kelly Introduction The “Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis” paper will compare juvenile courts with adult courts. Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis.
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Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis Paper 2 Adolescents need guidance to lead them to the right path when they veer off towards making wrong decisions. That guidance can be from a parent and/or law enforcement officials%(36).
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