During the same period the unethical acts of organizational leaders have received a great deal of attention, and not surprisingly a practitioner literature has emerged that presents observations of events and proposes solutions to the problem of unethical behavior among leaders. This bibliography does not seek to review that literature about the unethical behavior of leaders. Rather it focuses on the psychological construct of ethical leadership.
When and by whom should ethical leadership be practiced? How do you practice ethical leadership? Specific components of ethical leadership Consider a dilemma: The head of the state funding agency suggests to you that you simply close down a site.
That means both laying off dedicated staff members and denying services to a community and a group of people that has come to rely on you. How do you handle the situation? Or think about this: You get wind from a contact at a foundation about a grant possibility that would be perfect for a collaboration with another organization.
At the same time, you realize that your organization could probably successfully apply alone, and end up with a much larger amount of money than if you applied with a partner.
On the other hand, the other organization, with which you have a good working relationship, is in financial difficulty, and a grant like this would do a great deal to help it survive.
What will you do? These are ethical questions.
Leaders of organizations, initiatives, and institutions — not to mention politicians — face them nearly every day, and have to make decisions.
The decisions they make, as well as the ways by which they make those decisions, determine whether or not they are ethical leaders. This section is about ethical leadership: What do we mean by ethical leadership?
Ask people — or philosophers, for that matter — what they mean by ethics, and you might get different answers. The struggle to define ethical behavior probably goes back to prehistory, and serves as a cornerstone of both ancient Greek philosophy and most major world religions.
Ethical behavior, in its simplest terms, is knowing and doing what is right. Many people would define ethics and morality as identical, but it is helpful to view them somewhat differently.
Morality can, however, form the basis for an ethical system. Ethical leadership, at least for the purposes of this section, falls into the second category. Some of the different ways that the term is defined: Whatever a culture deems right is ethical for that culture. No one has any right to judge the ethics of another culture except on its own terms.
Many professions — law, medicine, and psychotherapy are perhaps the most familiar, but the list is long and varied — have their own specific codes of ethics, which all members of those professions are expected to follow.
Members of those professions are considered ethical in their practice if they adhere to the code of their profession. The assumption here is that everyone has a set of values she lives by. A person is behaving ethically if her behavior matches her values.
If you follow the rules — of your organization, your peer group, your culture, your religion, etc. None of the conceptions in this list is perfect, but these last two, in particular, have a glaring problem: Although the law is a set of rules, simply acting legally is not necessarily the same as acting ethically.The author discusses several aspects of ethical leadership, including the specific tasks associated with being an ethical leader and being responsible for the effect of one’s decisions on the people while seeking to implement corporate goals.
Multiple ethical systems can be identified, and Craig Johnson in his book Meeting the Ethical Challenges of Leadership, highlighted several of the well-established systems summarized below.
These serve as a foundation for understanding ethics, and for application to leadership and management. Ethical Leadership: Fostering an Ethical Environment and Culture. Leaders strongly influence the ethical environment and culture of health care organizations, which, in turn, influence employee behavior.
Legal and Ethical Management and Leadership Miranda Bacon Argosy University Legal and Ethical Management and Leadership Mathis Inc. is a designer and manufacturer of women’s clothes. Ethical leadership, is a form of leadership including attributes such as integrity, trustworthiness, fairness, concern for others, and behaving ethically.
A more systemic definition divides ethical leaders into two parts – “moral persons” and “moral managers” (Treviño, Hartman, & Brown. Ethical decision-making and leadership are the basis of ethical organizations, corporate social responsibility, 'fairtrade', sustainability, the 'triple bottom line', and other similar concepts This article introduces the concept and reasoning behind ethical leadership and ethical organisations.