Processes of globalisation, economic restructuring and urban redevelopment have placed events at the centre of strategies for change in cities. Events offer the potential to achieve economic, social, cultural and environmental aims within broader urban development strategies. The book provides a unique blend of practical and academic analysis, centred partly on the case study of the European Capitals of Culture ECOC over the past 20 years and also on a selection of major festivals and cities where 'the event' has had an important element of development strategy.
Applications[ edit ] The first documented evidence of the deliberate use of marketing to address a social issue comes from a reproductive health program led by K. Chandy and colleagues proposed, and subsequently implemented, a national family planning program with high quality, government brand condoms distributed and sold throughout the country at low cost.
The program included an integrated consumer marketing campaign run with active point of sale promotion. Retailers were trained to sell the Marketing research papers consumer behaviour aggressively, and a new organization was created to implement the program.
In the United States, The National High Blood Pressure Education Program  and the community heart disease prevention studies in Pawtucket, Rhode Island and at Stanford University  demonstrated the effectiveness of the approach to address population-based risk factor behaviour change.
Notable early developments also took place in Australia.
Find essays and research papers on Economics at leslutinsduphoenix.com We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community. Customer Satisfaction in Online Shopping: a study into the reasons for motivations and inhibitions leslutinsduphoenix.com 14 | Page. This is a handbook of scales that are used in empirical marketing and consumer behaviour research. In seven chapters, this third edition mirrors the six major areas of marketing mix and consumer behaviour variables as well as a general introduction.
These included the Victoria Cancer Council developing its anti-tobacco campaign "Quit" and "SunSmart"its campaign against skin cancer which had the slogan " Slip! On a wider front, bygovernment in the United Kingdom announced the development of its first social marketing strategy for all aspects of health.
Publications such as "Choosing Health" in " It's our health! In India, AIDS controlling programs are largely using social marketing and social workers are largely working for it. Most of the social workers are professionally trained for this task. Among the tools and techniques used by CBSM are focus groups and surveys to discover barriers and commitments, prompts, social norms, social diffusion, feedback and incentives to change behavior.
The tools of CBSM have been used to foster sustainable behavior in many areas, including energy conservation,  environmental regulation  and recycling. One of the most notable is People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals PETA which for many years has waged social marketing campaigns against the use of natural fur products.
The campaigns' efficacy has been subject to dispute. For example, anti-smoking campaigns such as World No Tobacco Day while being successful in concert with government tobacco controls in curbing the demand for tobacco products in North America and in parts of Europe, have been less effective in other parts of the world such as China, India and Russia.
Prevalence of tobacco consumption Types[ edit ] Social marketing uses the benefits of doing social good to secure and maintain customer engagement.
In social marketing the distinguishing feature is therefore its "primary focus on social good, and it is not a secondary outcome. Public sector bodies can use standard marketing approaches to improve the promotion of their relevant services and organizational aims.
This can be very important but should not be confused with social marketing where the focus is on achieving specific behavioral goals with specific audiences in relation to topics relevant to social good e.
For example, a 3-month marketing campaign to encourage people to get a H1N1 vaccine is more tactical in nature and should not be considered social marketing. A campaign that promotes and reminds people to get regular check-ups and all of their vaccinations when they're supposed to encourages a long-term behavior change that benefits society.
It can therefore be considered social marketing. Social marketing can be confused with commercial marketing. A commercial marketer may only seek to influence a buyer to purchase a product.
Social marketers have more difficult goals. They want to make potentially difficult and long-term behavior changes in target populations, which may or may not involve purchasing a product. For example, reducing cigarette smoking or encouraging use of condoms have difficult challenges to overcome that go beyond purchasing decisions.
Social marketing is sometimes seen as being restricted to a client base of non-profit organizations, health services groups, the government agency. However, the goal of inducing social change is not restricted to this narrow spectrum of organizations.
Corporations, for example, can be clients.
Public relations or social responsibility departments may champion social causes such funding for the arts, which would involve social marketing.Future studies of the consumer behavior research literature can also investigate authorship of the articles, including which authors have had what impact on the discipline and which scholars from which institutions have been productive in terms of consumer behavior publications.
Marketing planning is widespread (Dibb ) and has been adopted by a wide variety of organizations in almost every market and sector, such as the service sector (Greenley ), the manufacturing sector (Greenley ), cause relate marketing (Adkins ), arts marketing (Kerrigan et .
Consumer Behaviour and Brand Preference of Titan Watches –An empirical study with reference to leslutinsduphoenix.com 3 | Page. This study reviewed 53 empirical articles on green purchase behavior from to This is one of the first study that reviewed articles related to attitude - behaviour inconsistencies in .
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