English Literature Books Shakespeare, it is claimed by many modern critics, was a feminist. Shapiro for example goes so far as to claim that Shakespeare was 'the noblest feminist of them all'. Although I am inclined to agree with McLuskie that as Shakespeare 'wrote for a male entertainment', it is historically incorrect to regard him as a feminist. I believe that Shakespeare because of his extraordinary genius for portraying human behaviour, necessarily depicted the condition of women within a patriarchal system and created women characters which in their richness, transcend the limitations of his time.
There is a great deal of variety in the imagery of these structures, but tame animals and wise rulers are common in structures analogical to the apocalyptic analogy of innocencewhile predatory aristocrats and masses living in squalor characterize analogy to the demonic analogy of experience.
Frye then identifies the mythical mode with the apocalyptic, the ironic with the demonic, and the romantic and low mimetic with their respective analogies. The high mimeticthen, occupies the center of all four.
This ordering allows Frye to place the modes in a circular structure and point to the cyclical nature of myth and archetypes. In this setting, literature represents the natural cycle of birth, growth, maturity, decline, death, resurrectionrebirth, and the repetition of the cycle.
The remainder of the chapter deals with the cycle of the four seasons as embodied by four mythoi: Theory of Genres"[ edit ] In the first three essays, Frye deals mainly with the first three elements of Aristotle's elements of poetry i. In the fourth essay, he explores the last three elements: Othello criticism and essays may be referred to as diction ear or imagery eye depending on the critical focus.
Frye identifies the connection as such: The world of individual thought and idea has a correspondingly close connection with the eye. Rhetoric means two things: Rhetorical criticism, then, is the exploration of literature in the light of melos, opsis, and their interplay as manifested in lexis.
The radical of presentation—the relation or idealized relation between author and audience—is a further consideration. Difference in genre relies not on topical considerations science fiction, romance, mysterynor in length e. As such, Frye proposes a total of four distinct genres: These four genres form the organizing principle of the essay, first examining the distinctive kind of rhythm of each, then looking at specific forms of each more closely.
As Frye describes each genre, he explains the function of melos and opsis in each. To understand Frye's melos, it is important to note[ according to whom? He contends that the common usage of the term is inaccurate for purposes of criticism, drawn from analogy with harmony, a stable relationship.
Music, however, does not consist of a plastic, static, continuously stable relationship, but rather a series of dissonances resolving at the end into a stable relationship. Poetry containing little dissonance, then, has more in common with the plastic arts than with music.
The original presentation of the epic was ta epe that which is spokenand when an author, speaker, or storyteller addresses a visible audience directly, we have epos. The rhythm of epos is that of recurrence i.
These are the rhythms most commonly associated with poetry. Part of the difficulty comes from fact that this is the only of the four genres which has no precedent in antiquity.
He acknowledges having used the term previously in a different sense. In this essay, the term refers to literature in which the author addresses the audience through a book, or more simply stated, prose. The rhythm of prose is that of continuity of meaning.
Drama lies halfway between epos and fiction, or more accurately, its diction must fit the setting and the character. Some characters may be melos-oriented, speaking in meter or with various rhetorical effects in song and banter.
Others may be opsis-oriented, speaking more in prose and conveying ideological content. Most characters alternate according to the dramatic situation. Such a marriage of the appropriate language with the character and setting ethos defines a rhythm of decorum, the distinctive rhythm of drama.
Classical lyrical poetry often presents a shepherd speaking of his love; he is overheard by his audience. However, the distinctiveness of lyric comes more from its peculiar rhythm than from this radical of representation. Frye describes this rhythm as associative rather than logical and is the stuff of dreams and the subconscious.
It is closely related to the chant, and though it is found in all literature, it is more apparent in certain kinds of literature than others.
At this point Frye suggests a connection between the four historical modes and the four genres. In this sense, the lyrical is typical of the ironic age—just as the ironic protagonist has turned away from society, the lyrical poet makes utterances without regard to the audience.Othello as Tragic Hero.
From Hamlet, an ideal prince, and other essays in Shakesperean interpretation: Hamlet; Merchant of Venice; Othello; King Lear by Alexander W. Crawford. Boston R.G. Badger, In the matter of Othello and Iago, it cannot fairly be maintained that Iago was the sole cause of the calamities that befell Othello.
Othello essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Othello by William Shakespeare.
Othello essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Othello by William Shakespeare. Othello Critical views of leslutinsduphoenix.com © leslutinsduphoenix.com Page 1 of 2 Critical views of Othello The play is thought to have been written between autumn Othello essays are academic essays for citation.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Othello by William Shakespeare. Free othello papers, essays, and research papers. The Power of Self-Destruction in Shakespeare's Othello - Othello, the Moor of Venice published in by William Shakespeare, one of the greatest writers known in English literature.
Free othello papers, essays, and research papers. The Power of Self-Destruction in Shakespeare's Othello - Othello, the Moor of Venice published in by William Shakespeare, one of the greatest writers known in English literature.