Start Now What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens? Some of the most common symptoms of alcohol abuse in teenagers include lying, making excuses, breaking curfew, staying in their room, becoming verbally or physically abusive toward others, having items in their possession that are connected to alcohol use paraphernaliathe smell of alcohol on their breath or body, mood swingsstealing, and changes in friends.
Fear is an extremely powerful motivator. If you are scared about your safety or the safety of your family and friends, you are likely to take the most obvious protective action quickly without wasting time studying the nuances of your possible options.
This 'fight or flight' response is one of our most primitive survival strategies, and it is difficult to counter fear with a calmly considered discussion. I intend to try, however, and if you are reading this page because you have heard that community water fluoridation is dangerous to your health and ineffective, I encourage you to set aside your fears and consider the following content with an open mind.
There are plenty of places you can regain that fear later, if I am unable to convince you that your fears are unfounded. Fear is a powerful motivator. This is an accurate analysis - language alert, though The Introduction briefly summarizes the reasons I am not convinced by the fluoridation opponents' arguments about the alleged danger we are all exposed to as a result of community drinking water fluoridation.
There is legitimate scientific disagreement about whether fluoridation is as significant a preventative measure for dental decay today as it was before the introduction of fluoride-containing toothpaste, fluoride dental treatments and other sources of the fluoride ion.
This section contains over fifty links to books, articles, endorsements and position statements that describe the history, benefits, risks and costs of fluoridation. The references provide a cross section of the wide acceptance in the scientific, medical and government communities of fluoridation as a safe and effective way to increase community dental health.
I admit I have 'cherry picked' these resources specifically to counter the claim that there is no reliable evidence to support the scientific consensus that fluoridation is a process that is both safe and effective. The risks that have been identified are not ignored by the scientific, dental and medical communities, but the potential benefits of fluoridation at optimal levels have consistently been found to outweigh any known or suspected risks.
Over national and International health organizations recognize the public health benefit of fluoridation as a safe and effective method to reduce dental decay. This section contains links to over published, reviewed studies that demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of community water fluoridation as well as the risks of excessive exposure.
In this section I provide a very specific example of how fluoridation opponents use fear and the misrepresentation of study results to manufacture a problem where none exists and sell the resulting illusion to the public as fact. I am against this type of blatant manipulation of evidence to justify any belief.
If a position is scientifically valid, that position can, and should, be supported and justified using a fair presentation of the evidence - twisting evidence only confuses the issue. Both papers examine the same hypothesis, that exposure to optimally fluoridated drinking water 0.
These experts serve pro bono to advise the federal government and the general public on scientific and technological issues that affect people's lives worldwide. It apparently does not matter at all to fluoridation opponents that these statements are a complete misstatement of the paper's conclusions.
I created this reference page to refute claims you may have encountered that there is no evidence to support the safety and effectiveness of drinking water fluoridation as a method to enhance community dental health. I selected this representation of articles, stories and reference papers to provide clear evidence that over sixty five years of research has, in fact, produced hundreds of studies and reviews that conclude drinking water fluoridation at optimal levels of 0.
I do not claim there is no negative evidence regarding fluoridation or that all negative evidence should be ignored. As with the study of any complex subject, it is the consensus reached after all evidence is fairly evaluated that is important - not the conclusions drawn by accepting only selected evidence.
Fear sells ideas just as effectively as it sells products. Sex doesn't sell, it's fear. In the first episode of Mad Men Smoke gets in your eyes Don Draper outlines the appeal of fear as a tool for selling with chilling clarity.
One former marketing executive from a soft drinks multinational even told me how they would brainstorm these anxieties on a "whiteboard of worry".
To brilliantly, cunningly hone a product that offers temporary "freedom from fear", temporary because a new fear and a new product will be on their way soon. Here are some of the ways it is done. As you research this complicated topic, be aware that information presented by fluoridation opponents is neither balanced or complete - it is meticulously designed to create fear of fluoridation and a distrust of all responsible parties.
Most people who have serious questions and concerns about fluoridation and who are willing to embark on a thoughtful investigation of the answers are not scientists or medical professionals. You may be researching this topic precisely because you have heard an anti-fluoridation presentation or encountered a website demonizing fluoridation.
You may have only encountered anti-fluoride 'evidence', and you may not have the expertise and experience or time to do your own exhaustive and exhausting evaluation of all of the available evidence.
Relatively few people are able to review all details concerning the study design, methodology, statistical analysis, etc. Honestly, I have had years of scientific training and experience, and I find it very difficult to evaluate many of the research papers I try to examine.
It is inevitable then, that to a greater or lesser degree, nearly everyone who has questions and concerns about fluoridation will need to depend on some Authority -- an individual or group -- to provide an understandable interpretation of the decades of accumulated evidence.
Each Authority will promote its perspective and agenda, biases and conclusions.Consequences of Underage Drinking. Excerpts from The Surgeon General's Call to Action To Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking All text in this fact sheet is excerpted directly from The Surgeon General's Call to Action To Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking, a report from the Office of the Surgeon General..
The short- and long-term . Underage drinking is a serious public health problem in the United States.
Alcohol is the most widely used substance of abuse among America’s youth, and drinking by young people poses enormous health and safety risks. The consequences of underage drinking can affect everyone— regardless of age or drinking status.
We all feel the effects of . In some cultures with Strong Hospitality Genes, there’s a game of asking twice, getting a negative response, and saying yes on the third time. This is a list of characters from Teenage Mutant Ninja leslutinsduphoenix.com is an American animated series based on the eponymous leslutinsduphoenix.com premiered on Nickelodeon in the United States on September 29, It also premiered on YTV in Canada on September 29, Main characters Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are a team of anthropomorphic mutant red-eared slider. Colin Farrell and Nicole Kidman star in this heart-stopping thriller about a surgeon whose family is terrorized by a depraved teenager determined to take revenge on the doctor for a fatal past mistake.
The effects of teenage drinking can be quite serious. Fortunately, teenage alcohol use is on the decline. Still, it is a problem of note, with three out of four high school students reporting that they have consumed an alcoholic beverage prior to graduating high school.