It is usually classified as a romantic comedy though its dramatic scenes are hugely popular and some speeches amongst characters like Shylock and Portia have incited much study and debate. The play begins with Bassanio, a young man and a Venetian of noble rank. Bassanio would like to earn the hand of the rich heiress Portia, but since he's squandered away his wealth he needs some help reaching the ducat fee that guarantees him as a suitor.
Antonio — a prominent merchant of Venice in a melancholic mood. Bassanio, a young Venetian of noble rank, wishes to woo the beautiful and wealthy heiress Portia of Belmont. Having squandered his estate, he needs 3, ducats to subsidise his expenditures as a suitor.
Bassanio approaches his friend Antonioa wealthy merchant of Venice who has previously and repeatedly bailed him out. Antonio agrees, but since he is cash-poor — his ships and merchandise are busy at sea to Tripolisthe IndiesMexico and England — he promises to cover a bond if Bassanio can find a lender, so Bassanio turns to the Jewish moneylender Shylock and names Antonio as the loan's guarantor.
Antonio has already antagonized Shylock through his outspoken antisemitism and because Antonio's habit of lending money without interest forces Shylock to charge lower rates. Shylock is at first reluctant to grant the loan, citing abuse he has suffered at Antonio's hand.
He finally agrees to lend the sum to Bassanio without interest upon one condition: Bassanio does not want Antonio to accept such a risky condition; Antonio is surprised by what he sees as the moneylender's generosity no "usance" — interest — is asked forand he signs the contract. With money at hand, Bassanio leaves for Belmont with his friend Gratiano, who has asked to accompany him.
Gratiano is a likeable young man, but he is often flippant, overly talkative, and tactless. Bassanio warns his companion to exercise self-control, and the two leave for Belmont. Meanwhile, in Belmont, Portia is awash with suitors. Her father left a will stipulating each of her suitors must choose correctly from one of three caskets — made of gold, silver and lead respectively.
Whoever picks the right casket wins Portia's hand.
The first suitor, the Prince of Morocco, chooses the gold casket, interpreting its slogan, "Who chooseth me shall gain what many men desire", as referring to Portia.
The second suitor, the conceited Prince of Arragon, chooses the silver casket, which proclaims, "Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves", as he believes he is full of merit. Both suitors leave empty-handed, having rejected the lead casket because of the baseness of its material and the uninviting nature of its slogan, "Who chooseth me must give and hazard all he hath".
The last suitor is Bassanio, whom Portia wishes to succeed, having met him before. Shylock has become more determined to exact revenge from Christians because his daughter Jessica eloped with the Christian Lorenzo and converted.
She took a substantial amount of Shylock's wealth with her, as well as a turquoise ring which Shylock had been given by his late wife, Leah.
Shylock has Antonio brought before court. At Belmont, Bassanio receives a letter telling him that Antonio has been unable to repay the loan from Shylock. Portia and Bassanio marry, as do Gratiano and Portia's handmaid Nerissa.
Bassanio and Gratiano leave for Venicewith money from Portia, to save Antonio's life by offering the money to Shylock.
Unknown to Bassanio and Gratiano, Portia sent her servant, Balthazar, to seek the counsel of Portia's cousin, Bellario, a lawyer, at Padua. The climax of the play takes place in the court of the Duke of Venice.
Shylock refuses Bassanio's offer of 6, ducats, twice the amount of the loan. He demands his pound of flesh from Antonio. The Duke, wishing to save Antonio but unable to nullify a contract, refers the case to a visitor.
the-merchant-of-venice-william-shakespeare - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. All That Glitters When charming Bassanio needs money to pursue beautiful Portia, his friend Antonio strikes a deadly deal with the moneylender Shylock. After his ships for the characters and basic plot. Its. William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice “The Merchant of Venice” is a Shakespeare play about Bassanio, an ambitious young man of Venice, asking his friend Antonio, a merchant of Venice, for a loan in order to enable him to woo Portia, a rich heiress in style. Shakespeare's Characters: Portia (The Merchant of Venice) From The Works of William Shakespeare. Vol. 8. Ed. Evangeline Maria O'Connor. J.D. Morris and Co., In the elements which compose the character of Portia, Shakspeare anticipated, but without intention, the intellect of those modern women who can wield so gracefully many of the tools which have been hitherto monopolized by men.
He identifies himself as Balthasar, a young male "doctor of the law", bearing a letter of recommendation to the Duke from the learned lawyer Bellario. The doctor is Portia in disguise, and the law clerk who accompanies her is Nerissa, also disguised as a man. As Balthasar, Portia repeatedly asks Shylock to show mercy in a famous speechadvising him that mercy "is twice blest: It blesseth him that gives and him that takes" IV, i, However, Shylock adamantly refuses any compensations and insists on the pound of flesh.
As the court grants Shylock his bond and Antonio prepares for Shylock's knife, Portia deftly appropriates Shylock's argument for "specific performance". She says that the contract allows Shylock to remove only the flesh, not the "blood", of Antonio see quibble.
Thus, if Shylock were to shed any drop of Antonio's blood, his "lands and goods" would be forfeited under Venetian laws.
She tells him that he must cut precisely one pound of flesh, no more, no less; she advises him that "if the scale do turn, But in the estimation of a hair, Thou diest and all thy goods are confiscate. She cites a law under which Shylock, as a Jew and therefore an "alien", having attempted to take the life of a citizen, has forfeited his property, half to the government and half to Antonio, leaving his life at the mercy of the Duke.David Henry Wilson's play Shylock's Revenge, was first produced at the University of Hamburg in , and follows the events in The Merchant of Venice.
In this play Shylock gets his wealth back and becomes a Jew again. The Star Trek franchise sometimes quote and paraphrase Shakespeare, including The Merchant of Venice. Relationships in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice 'The Merchant of Venice' is one of Shakespeare's most popular plays and Act 1 Scene 3 is a key scene.
There are three characters involved in the scene and these are: Antonio, Bassanio and Shylock. Shakespeare's Characters: Portia (The Merchant of Venice) From The Works of William Shakespeare. Vol. 8. Ed. Evangeline Maria O'Connor.
J.D. Morris and Co., In the elements which compose the character of Portia, Shakspeare anticipated, but without intention, the intellect of those modern women who can wield so gracefully many of the tools which have been hitherto monopolized by men. Portia in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice is one of the Bard's most beloved characters..
The Love Test. Portia's fate is determined by her father’s love test. She is unable to choose her own suitor but is forced to marry whoever passes her father’s love test. William Shakespeare wrote his play ‘The Merchant of Venice,’ in approximately the year Shakespeare would have written this play to be performed at the Globe theatre in London.
In order to understand ‘The Merchant of Venice’ we must identify some of the features that Shakespeare uses. The Merchant of Venice has been labelled an anti-Semitic play by some, but this is not the only way to look at it.
The character of Shylock seems, outwardly, to be the villain of the play. He sets up a plan to exact a pound of flesh from Antonio, who, outwardly, seems like a good Christian.